Thursday, 6 August 2015

Ranking Of Worlds Old Universities


University of Bologna (Italy) in 1089, receiving the title of University in 1317;
Oxford University (England) in 1096;
University of Paris (France) in 1150, receiving the title of University in 1256;
University of Modena (Italy) in 1175;
University of Cambridge (England) around 1208;
University of Palencia (Spain) in 1208, the forerunner of the University of Valladolid;
University of Salamanca (Spain) in 1218 (originally it was a cathedral schools whose existence can be traced back to 1130, and is the first in Europe who held the title of University by the edict of 1253 of Alfonso X of Castile and Leon) ;
University of Padua (Italy) in 1223;
Federico II University of Naples (Italy) in 1224 (oldest secular state university in the world);
University of Toulouse (France) in 1229;
University of Valladolid (Spain), XIII century (possible result of the transfer of the University of Palencia around 1240);
University of Murcia (Spain) in 1272;
University of Coimbra (Portugal) in 1290;
University of Lleida (Spain) in 1300;
University of Perugia (Italy) in 1308.1

They are communities of teachers and esiantes. In the European Middle Ages, the word college (Latin universitas) designated a guild corporativo.8 Both could be the university of shoemakers and blacksmiths University. When "University of Salamanca" was said, for example, it was nothing more than a simple short for University Teachers and Students Salamanca.8

The university is a conglomerate formed by the faculty of arts (philosophy), faculty of law (canon and civil), the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Theology. The originality of this trade association, so different from the others, provoked ardent criticism and its inicios.9

Cambridge University, for example, creates its first chair of scientific research in 1794, although the Principle Mathematica Newton were written more than a century earlier, in 1687.10 John Locke, in his book Thoughts on Education (1693) questions the education offered by the University of Oxford and European universities, recommended content such as Latin, useless, and promotes instead as "absolutely necessary" accounts and bookkeeping libros.11 Darcy Ribeiro notes that the European university germinate slow scientific progress and cultural changes of the industrial revolution and technological society XVIII.8 century

Until the nineteenth century, universities were largely elitist centers where only a testimonial percentage of the population had university studies. During the twentieth century they were normalized university studies in Europe reaching 30% of college-educated population by the end of the century. The following table shows the ratio of enrollment in several European countries 12