Wednesday, 21 January 2015

Insulator And Conductor


An electrical conductor is one body in contact with a body charged with electricity transmitted it to all points of its surface. Generally elements, alloys or compounds with free electrons that allow movement of loads.

For a material is considered good driver is required that has a low resistance or resistivity to avoid high voltage drops and excessive losses by the Joule effect.

For transporting electric power as well as for any installation of domestic or industrial use, the universally used metal is copper cables as one or more threads. Alternatively the aluminum metal is used although it has an electrical conductivity of the order of 60% of copper is, however, a much lighter material, which favors its use in transmission lines power.

the material with low electrical conductivity is called insulator . Although there are quite insulating bodies or drivers, but better or worse conductors are widely used materials to prevent short circuits, lining them electrical conductors, to keep away from the user certain parts of electrical systems, accidentally touched when in voltage, can produce a discharge, and for making insulators, elements used in electricity distribution networks to set their supports drivers with no electrical contact. The most frequently used are plastics and ceramics.

The behavior of insulators is due to the potential barrier that exists between the valence and conduction bands which hinders the existence of free electrons capable of conducting electricity through the material.

An electrically insulating material has a theoretically infinite resistance. Some materials, such as air or water, are insulators under certain conditions but not others. The air, for example, at room temperature and insulation under conditions of signal frequency and relatively low power, can become conductive.



When a car breaks down, as is the case of engraving, we conducted a force so we can put it moving again. This is the intuitive motion of momentum.

This is the force that determines the action of forces on a body, ie, the magnitude measures the effort required to put a body in motion. Mathematically speaking, this is the formula that describes the drive, see:

I = F.t

Where F is the force applied on the body and t is time to force action.

The momentum is a vector quantity and as such, you’re complete and accurate determination. It has magnitude and direction. In the International System of Units (SI) unit is the Ns (newton per times second).

As you can see, to push a certain car, as in the example above, the same acquires movement that is proportional to its mass and the force that is applied on it. Such observation makes it possible to establish a relationship between the impulse and the momentum acquired by the body. The formula determines the amount of movement acquired by a body can be stated as follows:

The amount of motion, also called the linear momentum, Q, a mass mq body moves with velocity v is defined by the following expression:

Q = m.v

Where m is the mass of the body v speed it acquires after the application of force on it. The amount of movement, as well as the momentum is a vector quantity, so it also has magnitude and direction. The unit in the SI is kg. m / s.



According to the dictionary definition language is the ability to express themselves and communicate their man through a system of symbols, particularly of vocal signs and graphics, verbal and non verbeale. Often the term "language" refers generally to a communication system: for example "animal language", "body language", "computer language", "language of flowers".

We can distinguish between formal and informal language.

The formal language uses clear and no ambiguity, that does not make you a question that you attribute more meanings. This language uses the logical connectives. 

The formal language can be used in different contexts:

For example

In computer science, mathematics, engineering, medicine and related disciplines may indicate a notation or formalism with syntax and semantics defined precisely (often mathematical / formal) and, in many cases, such as to allow some form of automatic processing of language itself (for example, programming languages); 

The informal language instead is a more ambiguous language in which an expression can have several meanings, may therefore be subject to multiple interpretations. It is a language that is not bound by rules, is more familiar, simple and confidential.



Benzene is a liquid heaving no color but a sweet odor. It evaporates quickly into the air and is slightly soluble in water. It is flammable and it forms from natural processes and also as human activities. 

Benzene is used extensively in the United States; ranks # 20 on the list of chemicals of peak production. Some industries use benzene to make other chemicals used to make resins, nylon, plastics and other synthetic fibers. Benzene is also used to make certain types of rubbers, dyes, detergents, lubricants, drugs and pesticides. Volcanoes and forest fires are natural sources of benzene. Benzene is also a natural component of oil, gasoline and cigarette smoke.

Benzene can pass into air from soil and water.

In the air reacts with other chemicals and breaks down within few days.

The benzene in the air can be dragged to the ground by rain or snow.
It breaks down more slowly in water and soil and can enter groundwater through the soil.

Benzene does not accumulate in plants or animals.

Perodic Table of The Elements

Perodic table

The periodic table of the elements (or simply the periodic table) is the pattern with which the chemical elements are ranked based on their atomic number Z and the number of electrons present in the orbital higher atomic energy.

The periodic table of elements is designed by the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev [1] in 1869, simultaneously and independently by the German chemist Julius Lothar Meyer (1830-1895), [2] initially had many empty spaces, provided for items that would be discovered in the future, some in the second half of the twentieth century.

The periodic table of Mendeleev, which is the first version and also the currently most widely used, is the periodic table by definition, so in the ongoing discussion of talking about "periodic table" will be referred to the periodic table of Mendeleev, except where it is explicitly stated otherwise.

Study Visa For Pairs

Study visa for pairs

The different categories of existing visas can cover all applications for international students wishing to go to France. Cultural services of embassies and the Centres for Studies in France (CEF) are overseeing the academic project of the international student. Consular services are liable for dispensation the visa application according to rules. Here is difference between short student visas and long-stay.

I. The short-stay visas for studies

1. The short-stay visa for studies

This visa allow to study in France for a period not exceeding three months. Students wishing to follow a language teaching or other short-term training can apply for this visa that exempts its holder to residence in the country and is not renewable.

2. The visa "student-examination"

This visa allows the holder to attend an interview or an entrance examination in a public or private institution of higher education. If successful, the student may request, without returning to their country of origin, a residence of one year, at the prefecture.

II. The long-stay student visa

1. Along temporary stay student visa

This visa allows the holder to take three to six months of schooling in a public or private institution of higher education. It is not renewable and exempts the residence permit holder during his studies in France. The holder can stay more than six months in the country.

2. The long-stay student visa

This visa is granted to foreign students wishing to continue their education in a public or private higher education institution for more than six months. It entitles the holder to request within two months of his arrival in France, a residence of one year to the prefecture of his place of residence.

- For more information, see the section: Coming to France - Formalities for entry into France.

Study in London


To find out if you need a visa to London enters the website of the Department of British immigration or consulting the British embassy or other diplomatic representative before the trip.

You can also use the Web site questionnaire British Immigration Department to see if you need to apply for a visa.

The legislation changes regularly, so you should check if you have updated information before making the trip.

As appropriate, a visa to study in London is necessary. You will find more information on student visas on the website of the Department of British immigration. For more information about studying in London, visit the website British Immigration, which serves as a university official guide.