Thursday, 4 June 2015

Techniques For Group Decision Making


This technique intended to overcome the pressures of conformity in the group interaction that delays the onset of creative alternatives. And this is achieved using a generator of ideas that feed all options without preventing them critical process.

In a typical brainstorming session of ide as, between 6 and 12 people sitting around a table. The group leader makes the problem clearly so that all participants understand. And then they have, with absolute freedom, all the alternatives that are occurring in certain period. No criticism allowed, and all alternatives aimed to discuss and analyze them later. The fact that an idea stimulates another and that the judgment of even the most unlikely of suggestions not until later encourages participants to think about the unusual.

However, brainstorming is but a process for generating ideas.

Nominal group techniques

This technique limits the discussion or interpersonal communication during the process of decision making. Group members are physically present, as in the traditional committee meeting, but operate independently. It is specifically formulated problem and then the following steps occur:

1. Participants meet as a group but before starting the discussion, everyone writes their own ideas about the problem.
2. The period of silence happens presenting an idea by each member. All members take turns going around the table, and expose a single idea until all have been displayed and recorded. The discussion begins when all the ideas have been noted.
3. The group discusses the clarity of ideas and evaluates them.
4. Each member of the group ranks the ideas silently and independently. The final decision is based on the idea that achieves the highest overall rating.

The main advantage of the nominal group technique is that it allows the group formally meet, but not limited to independent thinking much as it does the group interaction.