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Thursday, 12 March 2015

Parts Of Speech

parts of speech


The words of a language are divided according to various aspects in parts of speech. The criteria of the subdivision of parts of speech are specific to individual languages, so universal. Even within individual languages subdivisions in parts of speech vary according to the number of parts of speech requests and according to their definition.

According to their function within a sentence, a word is divided into syntactic categories. The adjectives in German, for example, are found before the noun reference and after the article.

The morphology distinguishes the words from the point of view of the possibility of flexion: Italian verbs are conjugated for example, and therefore have different temporal forms, such as infinity, the imperative, the conjunctive, participles, etc. The morphological criterion applies of course to the so-called inflectional languages, such as Italian, German, Sanskrit or Latin. In English, the issue becomes problematic, while for the Chinese, a language that is insulating, this criterion is not applicable.

More universal are the functional provisions, which have recently been made, as in the field theory of psycholinguist Karl B├╝hler, which divides the indexes ("I", "here", "now" etc.) By linguistic symbols ("fast" "woman", "build"). This approach has been extended in the pragmatic functional.