Wednesday, 18 February 2015

The Geometry


The geometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with the study of the properties of figures in the plane or the space including: points, lines, planes, polytopes (including parallel, perpendicular, curves, surfaces, polygons, polyhedra, etc.).

It is the theoretical basis of descriptive geometry or technical drawing. It also gives substance to instruments like the compass, theodolite, the pantograph or global positioning system (especially when considered in combination with mathematical analysis and especially differential equations).

Geometry is one of the oldest sciences. Initially formed in a body of practical knowledge concerning lengths, areas and volúmenes.La Babylonian civilization was one of the first cultures to incorporate the study of geometry with the invention of the wheel the way to the study of the circle opened, which subsequently lead to the discovery of the number π (pi); They also developed the sexagesimal system, knowing that each year has 360 days, also implemented a formula for calculating the area of the trapezoid rectangular. In Ancient Egypt was highly developed, according to the texts of Herodotus, Strabo and Deodars, in third century. geometry configured as axiomatic and constructive treatment which established a rule to follow for many centuries Euclidean geometry described in The Elements.