Monday, 23 February 2015

Education in Pakistan


Education in Pakistan is under the supervision of the Ministry of Education and administered by the four provinces and four federal territories. According to the Pakistani constitution, education is free for all children, both primary and secondary level and is compulsory until age 16.

The education system in Pakistan is divided into six levels: pre-primary (prep classes), primary education, grades 1 to 5; middle school, grades six through eight; high school, ninth and tenth grades, ultimately leading to the award of Certificate of Secondary School; the middle school, grades eleven and twelve, leading to the award of Higher Secondary School Certificate and tertiary or university programs where students can earn bachelor's and graduate in a variety of academic and professional education fields.

 Some private schools in Pakistan also provide a parallel system of secondary education, which is based on the curriculum of Great Britain and administered by the Cambridge International Assessments.

After independence from Britain, Pakistan had only one university, but today there are 136 universities in operation, 74 public and 62 private, which together serve more than one million students each year.

Despite recent advances in education, Pakistan still faces many challenges and problems, such as poverty, sectarian violence, poor teacher training, lack of resources and discrimination, especially against students. At present, the adult literacy rate in the country is only 58 percent (69 percent for males and 45 percent for women), well below the world average.