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Thursday, 29 January 2015

Structure of the education system in China

Secondary education


The Chinese educational system is highly competitive and there is ample evidence throughout the different stages of the system. However the levels of school failure are very low and the literacy rate exceeds 94 percent, according to World Bank data. A continuation explain the structure around several basic levels:

Primary Education:

Primary education usually begins at six years old and is mandatory. Usually last six years. During the period of compulsory education, teaching guidelines contemplate attention to both purely academic issues as moral and labor.

Secondary education:

Secondary education, divided in turn into junior secondary education and secondary education in the second cycle. The first cycle usually lasts 3 years and is mandatory (the Chinese authorities have established a total of nine years of compulsory education). To enter upper secondary education, we must overcome the relevant exams training. The upper secondary education also lasts, usually three years.

Professional education: 

since 1996, the Vocational Education Act was enacted, have laid the foundation for a well-structured professional education. Within it several levels differ.

Higher Education: 

within higher education, which is taught in universities, colleges and vocational training centers, we must distinguish vocational training, higher education and postgraduate courses (Masters and PhD).
The academic year is structured around two semesters of about 20 weeks each. The first begins in September and the second in February. Class attendance is mandatory.