Monday, 26 January 2015



Psychology is the discipline that investigates the mental processes of humans and animals. The word comes from the Greek: psychological (mental activity or soul). This discipline analyzes the three dimensions of these processes: cognitive, affective and behavioral.

Modern psychology has been commissioned to gather facts about the behaviors and experiences of living beings, systematically organizing and developing theories for understanding. These studies help explain their behavior and even in some cases, predict their future actions.

For people who develop the study of psychology are called psychologists. This means, those who analyze the behavior of living things from a scientific approach. Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and Jean Piaget are regarded as some of the pioneering psychologists.

The methodology of the study of psychology is divided into two main branches:

One that understands this discipline as a basic science (also called experimental) and employs a scientific-quantitative methodology (hypothesis contrasts with variables that can be quantified within an environment of experimentation),

Another that seeks to understand the psychological phenomenon through qualitative methodologies that enrich the description and help to understand the processes.