Pages

Saturday, 24 January 2015

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the most important nutrients in human body and are known as energy supplier. Chemically, they are composed of individual sugar molecules and are therefore often referred to as sugar.

Carbohydrates with little sugar molecules are also called "short-chain carbohydrates". If there are more than ten sugar molecules are multiple sugar, as contained in bread, for example, Multiple sugars are also referred to as "long-chain carbohydrates", as they consist of a chain of more sugar molecules.
The carbohydrates are broken down in the body to the smallest unit of sugar (glucose sugar molecule) required by each cell as an energy supplier.

The advantage of carbohydrates compared to other energy sources  is that they can be quickly dismantled and recycled. The liver stores as a central storage organ about one-third and the muscles around two-thirds of the absorbed energy.

The brain cells need glucose to work at full speed. People who do endurance sports or work hard physically, have an increased need for carbohydrates.